Small Business Possibilities
Efficient Small Business Retirement Planning
Small business owners improve their tax efficiency by offering their employees a retirement plan. Owners need help understanding the specific kind of retirement plan structure, either 3-21 or 3-38, and how that choice affects their potential liability. They have to be aware of the complex ERISA laws regarding how the plan is set up, administered, and operated for employees. Employees need counseling with getting enrolled, training and education on retirement choices, and then consistently contributing towards their retirement. These are areas where Y H & C Investments helps a small business evaluate the current status of their existing plan and how to improve it in the most efficient way possible.
Y H & C Investments and Business Owners- Making Informed Decisions and the Investment Policy Statement
Y H & C Investments specializes in making accurate, informed decisions on investment choices. In consultation with the sponsor, we create an investment policy statement to document the plan decisions about return objectives, risk tolerance, asset mix, fund and instrument possibilities, and other considerations (taxes). You can look at our investment process to get in indication of how we evaluate an asset.
We set up your retirement plan so the choices to participants are cost effective, diversified, and fit the demographic profile of your employees. The payroll provider information is integrated with the TPA so all participant eligibility requirements, notices, and account information is handled through an efficient administration partner for the sponsor. We use Vestwell, which specializes in this aspect of the plan. Vestwell is an open architecture provider, and offers a wide variety of investment choices which are conflict free from payments by fund families. By offering low cost possibilities, participants are able to benefit from their retirement choices.
Servicing the Retirement Plan
When you work with Y H & C Investments, participants are informed about the advantages of using the plan (pre tax contribution helps lower taxable income), enroll, and we emphasize consistently contributing. A sponsor can have participant contributions annually increased by implementing automated escalation through the TPA. Contributions typically range from 5-10% of the paycheck. Participants have regular consultation with the advisor, which means quarterly or semi-annual reviews (using a variety of methods, including on site visits or mobile devices and virtual consultations), along with an annual review. The reviews are to make sure the participant is on track to meet their retirement goals. Participants have 24 hour a day, 7 days a week access to their retirement account through Vestwell, and they can always see where their account stands with respect to the value of the account and what they own.
Learning More About The Different Pieces of the Retirement Plan
If you are not familiar with retirement plans, here is a brief overview. The business owner, called a sponsor, needs multiple pieces working together efficiently to have an effective retirement plan. The first piece is the payroll component, where employees pay is set up, calculated, and processed. Retirement contributions come out of the payroll, from the employee and potentially matched by the sponsor, and must be integrated into each employees specific retirement account in a defined contribution plan, like a 401K, Roth 401K, SEP, or 403 B plan.
The second, third, and fourth pieces revolve around the financial advisor, who sets up the plan with the help of a third party administrator. The third party administrator is the record keeper for the retirement plan for all of the eligible participants in the plan. The third party administrator, or TPA, is responsible for notifying participants of different eligibility and enrollment deadlines, distributions, and documenting investment performance. The TPA also sets up the custody of the assets. Custody of those assets is usually held in a trust. With all of these different pieces, the retirement system is currently quite inefficient, with participants paying excessive fees.
Where are the high costs typically located?
The fees revolve around large payroll providers. In many cases, they provide all of the different pieces of the retirement plan (financial advisory, risk management, and the TPA component), even though their best skill is administering payroll. The payroll providers are inefficient primarily because they are compensated by mutual fund families for fund choices offered to participants. The funds are typically far more expensive than index funds or ETF’s. If the mutual funds outperform indexes, then the higher fees are justified. However, academic research shows that 80% or more of the mutual funds do not outperform indexes over a long period of time. Consequently, participants suffer, and the payroll provider benefits.
If you are a small business owner and need help planning and managing your retirement plan, you might take a look at our video on the subject.